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Course 5 Expanded Guide

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Lesson 1: Nezumi no Shippo
the TO IF statement
Grammar
Using teshimau when an action was carried out to the end
Using teshimau in unfortunate circumstances
Using teshimau when things happen unconsciously
Doing things and coming back with tekuru
The to if statement
Verb Usage
kamikiru (to bite off)
watasu (to hand over, to hand)
akubi o suru (to yawn)
wasureru (to forget)
shimau (to put away)
kusaru (to spoil, to turn rotten)
ireru (to put into)
akeru (to open)
Lesson 2: Kappa to Ojiisan
two actions at once etc.
Culture Clip
What is a カッパ?
Grammar
A thing called..., A place called... etc.
Doing two actions at once using the nagara extension
The beginning of an action
Passive verb form ~rareru
Verb Usage
komaru(to be troubled)
yasumu (to take a break)
oto o tateru (to make a sound or noise)
odoroku (to be surprised)
tobikomu (to jump in)
nageru (to throw)
hirou (to pick up)
hipparu (to pull)
dokidokisuru (to have one's heart beat rapidly)
damasu (to fool or trick someone)
damasareru (to be fooled or tricked)
Lesson 3: Kankyou Mondai
must be done
Grammar
Must do, nakerebanarimasen and naitoikemasen
Question word extensions ka、mo、demo
The difference between kangaeru and omou
Using ya to say "and"
Verb Usage
risaikuru suru (to recycle)
setsuyaku suru (to save, economize, cut down)
oku (to place or put)
atsumeru (to collect, gather) active
atsumaru (to collect, gather) passive
heru (to decrease, diminish) passive
herasu (to decrease, diminish, lower) active
kangaeru (to consider, think about)
Lesson 4: Fushigi na Tanjoubi
when I thought to...
Grammar
Informal "let's form" verbs
Attempting to do something with toomottara and toshitara
At the moment I...
Using tame with nouns
Using tame with verbs
Verb Usage
todokeru (to deliver, to send) active
todoku (to reach, get to) passive
mikakeru (to notice, to happen to see)
niru (to look like)
oikakeru (to pursue, to chase down)
nakunaru (to die, pass away)
tazuneru (to ask, to inquire)
tasukeru (to help, to save)
noriokureru (to miss getting on)
naru (to ring)
kieru (to disappear)
Lesson 5: Satsujin Jiken
it appears to have happened
Grammar
Using sou desu in many situations (it appears, apparantly)
Using そうです to say "I might be able to~" and "I almost~"
ni yoru to (according to, depending on)
Verb Usage
korosu (to kill) active
korosareru (to be murdered / killed) passive
naguru (to strike, to hit) active
nagurareru (to be struck or hit) passive
shiraberu (to investigate, check out)
uso o tsuku (to tell a lie)
Lesson 6: Yamadasan no yume
to do or not to do
Grammar
tebakari (constantly doing something)
tabakari (just did an action)
suru ka shinai ka (to do or not to do)
Verb Usage
tsukareru (to get tired, to tire)
tsuzukeru (to continue) Active
sugiru (to exceed, go beyond bounds)
kanchigai suru (to be mistaken)
tsutaeru (to convey, to relay)
hamaru (to be hooked on, addicted)
koukai suru (to regret)
Lesson 7: SFX Eiga
tte, tsumori, noni
Grammar
Even though...
Using noni with nouns and na adjectives
Using tsumori to show intentions with verbs
Using tsumori to show belief in something false
Using tte to replace to iimashita
Using tte to say "what do you mean?"
Verb Usage
kakusu (to hide something, to conceal)
kakureru (to conceal oneself)
barasu (to leak out information)
bareru (to be found out)
Lesson 8: Cheen Sumookaa
excessive actions
Grammar
Making verb phrases into noun phrases
Doing things in excess
Excess in adjectives
Verb Usage
you (to become intoxicated, become sick)
yobu (to call)
maniau (to make it in time)
monkuoiu (to complain)
chuuisuru (to warn, to caution)
Lesson 9: Nihon no kurashi
NIKUI and YASUI
Grammar
~nikui (hard to do something)
~yasui (easy to do something)
Verb Usage
nugu (to take off clothes, shoes)
tooru (to pass, get by)
kagamu (to bend, get down)
shagamu (to squat, crouch, keep down)
nobasu (to extend, stretch, reach, delay)
shiku (to spread out, lay)
hosu (to dry, hang out)
funwarisuru (to be fluffy, soft)
Lesson 10: Tondemonai ichinichi
If you ask how I did it
Grammar
douyatte shita ka to iu to (how something was done)
uchi (Within a time span or amount)
Being full of something
Verb Usage
kegaosuru (to be or become injured)
hasamu (to hold between, to pinch)
kizuku (to notice, to become aware of)
ugoku (to move) and ugokasu (to move something)
isogu (to hurry, rush)
kireru (to run down, expire, run out)
Lesson 11: Yooroppa kara no tegami
KAMO SHIRENAI and SHIYOU TO OMOU
Grammar
~kamo shirenai (indicating the degree of certain with maybe)
~shiyou to omou (expressing a decision or act)
Verb Usage
tatsu (to pass)
saku (to bloom, come out, flower)
taizaisuru (to stay, visit)
tsuku (to arrive, reach, land)
burabura suru (to hang around, swing)
Lesson 12: Paatii o shiyou!
TE ARU and TE OKU
Grammar
~te aru (describing the present state)
~teoku (doing something in advance)
Verb Usage
itameru (to stir fry)
ajitsukesuru (to season, add flavour)
orosu (to lower, to put down)
samasu (to cool down)
machigaeru (to make a mistake)
nuru (to apply, paint, put)
Lesson 13: Nihon no ooeru san
Causative Verbs SERU・SASERU
Grammar
Making someone do something with ~saseru form
~chuu (in the middle of something)
Verb Usage
ikiikisuru (to be lively, fresh, alive)
kigaeru (to change clothes)
oboeru (to memorize, remember, learn)
iyaninaru (to dislike, disgust)
mazeru (to mix, blend)